Equality in the labour market

The Equal Treatment Act entered into force on 1 September 2018.

The Act on Equal Treatment in the Labor Market no. 86/2018 explicitly provides for the prohibition of all discrimination in the labour market, whether direct or indirect, on the basis of race, ethnic origin, religion, life stance, disability, reduced working capacity, age, sexual orientation, gender identity, gendered expression or sexuality. This is important to promote active participation by most people in the labour market, but participation is considered one of the most important ways to prevent social isolation and poverty. The legislation took account of Directive 2000/78 / EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on general rules on equal treatment in the labour market and in the economy.

With a clear ban on discrimination in the labour market, the aim is to promote active participation as much as possible in the Icelandic labour market and prevent the social isolation of individuals. The goal is also to avoid the views of different racial merit being rooted in Icelandic society.

The Directorate of Equality is responsible for the implementation of this Act and Article 4 in the Act on Equal Status and Equal Rights of Women and Men shall apply as applicable.

The Act on Equal Treatment of Individuals Regardless of Race and Ethnic Origin 85/2018 entered into force on 1 September 2018.

The Act on the Equal Treatment of Individuals, Regardless of Race and Ethnic Origin, provides for the principle of equal treatment of individuals in all spheres of society, outside the labour market. The legislation took account of the content of Directive 2000/43 / EC on equal treatment regardless of race or ethnic origin. With a clear prohibition of discrimination, the aim is to promote active participation by as many people as possible in Icelandic society regardless of race and ethnic origin and to prevent social isolation of individuals for the same reasons. The goal is also to avoid the views of different racial merit being rooted here.

The Directorate of Equality is responsible for the implementation of this Act and Article 4 shall apply. The Act on Equal Status and Equal Rights of Women and Men shall apply as applicable.

 

Thus, the work of the Directorate of Equality is not limited solely to the administration in relation to gender equality on the basis of the Act on Equal Status and Equal Rights of Women and Men, but also on equal treatment regardless of race and ethnic origin outside the labour market, on the one hand, and equal treatment in the labour market regardless of race, ethnic origin, religion, lifestyle, disability, impaired ability to work, age, sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression or sexual orientation.

 

Word Definitions:

Equal treatment

When individuals suffer neither direct nor indirect discrimination due to any of the factors mentioned in the first paragraph of Article 1.

 Direct discrimination

When an individual receives less favourable treatment than another individual receives, has received, or would receive in comparable situations, due to any of the factors mentioned in the first paragraph of Article 1.

 Indirect discrimination

When an apparently neutral provision, criterion or practice would put some individuals at a disadvantage, due to any of the factors mentioned in the first paragraph of Article 1, compared with others, unless this can be objectively justified by a legitimate aim, and the means of achieving that aim are appropriate and necessary.

 Life stance

A stance based on a secular view of life, particular ethical values, and morals, together with a defined morality and epistemology.

 Disability

The consequence of impairments and obstacles of various types which occur in the interaction between persons with impairments and their environment and attitudes which prevent them from participating fully and successfully in the community on an equal footing with others. The impairments affecting the individuals concerned are long-term, and the obstacles are of such a nature that the individual will suffer discrimination due to physical, mental, or cognitive impairments or impaired sensation.

 Reduced working capacity

A permanent physical, mental, or cognitive condition which is inherited or originates subsequently and reduces the individual’s working capacity on the labour market

 Age

A person’s age from birth.

 Sexual orientation

An individual’s ability to be attracted to or become enamoured of another individual. 

 Gender identity

An individual’s experience of his or her own gender.

 Sexual characteristics

An individual’s chromosomes, sex glands and anatomical features. 

 Gender expression

The day-to-day expression by an individual of his or her gender identity.