Gender mainstreaming

The integration of gender and gender equality perspectives or gender mainstreaming is a method used in the implementation of gender equality perspectives into the general activities of an organization or company. The term is defined in article 2 of the Act on Equal Status and Equal Rights of Women and Men no. 10/2008. It says that gender integration is “Organising, improving, developing and evaluating the policy-making process in such a way that gender equality perspectives are incorporated in all spheres in the policy-making and decisions of those who are generally involved in policy-making in society”. This is used to achieve equality in daily work that affects the activities themselves, customers, clients, or other people.

The method assumes that the views of all genders are present when making decisions, for example when making changes to activities or the development of activities. The aim is to ensure that the needs of all genders are met and that there is no discrimination due to gender. By using the gender mainstreaming methods, it can be ensured that policies and activities do not discriminate by gender but contribute to further development and gender equality. The method can be used in a variety of situations and can easily be adapted to different projects. It has emerged that gender mainstreaming can have a positive impact on business and services and is a good quality management tool. 

According to the Act on the Equal Status and Equal Rights of Women and Men gender mainstreaming shall be observed in all policy-making and planning on the part of the ministries and the public institutions operating under their realm. The same shall apply, as appropriate, to all decision-making within ministries and institutions.

Gender budgeting at the municipal and state level is a type of gender mainstreaming where the allocation of funds is specifically examined. Gender budgeting has now been brought into law with new law on public finance no. 123/2015